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How Can You Address Your Allergies?
How Can You Address Your Allergies?
January 14/2024

How Can You Address Your Allergies?

In the United States, allergies affect more than 50 million people, with a notable prevalence among adult women, children, and individuals aged 45 to 64. Allergies are immune system responses to substances that are typically harmless, triggering a range of symptoms that can impact daily life. While there is no cure for allergies, there are effective ways to treat symptoms and manage allergic reactions.

This article brought to you by Southern Maryland Medical Group aims to provide valuable insights into allergies, their symptoms, and practical strategies for addressing and managing this widespread health issue.

What Are Allergies?

Allergies happen when the immune system overreacts to substances known as allergens. Common allergens include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, certain foods, insect venom, and mold spores. When an allergic person comes into contact with these allergens, the immune system produces antibodies, releasing chemicals like histamine that cause allergic symptoms.

Common Allergic Symptoms

Understanding the symptoms of allergies is crucial for early identification and effective management. Common allergic symptoms may include:

  1. Sneezing and Runny Nose: Exposure to allergens often leads to irritation in the nasal passages, resulting in frequent sneezing and a runny or congested nose.
  2. Itchy or Watery Eyes: Allergic reactions can affect the eyes, causing itching, redness, and excessive tearing.
  3. Skin Reactions: Allergies may manifest on the skin, leading to hives, eczema, or general itching.
  4. Shortness of Breath: Severe allergic reactions can impact the respiratory system, causing shortness of breath or wheezing.
  5. Gastrointestinal Issues: In some cases, allergies can affect the digestive system, resulting in nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Diagnosing Allergies

If you or a loved one suspects they have allergies, seeking professional medical advice is crucial. A primary care physician diagnose or refer you to specialists who can conduct various tests, including skin prick tests and blood tests, to identify specific allergens triggering reactions. Understanding the allergens at play is key to developing an effective treatment plan.

Managing Allergies

While there is no cure for allergies, effective management strategies can significantly improve individuals' quality of life. Consider the following approaches:

  • Avoid Allergens: Identifying and avoiding allergens is the first line of defense. This may involve making changes in the living environment, such as using air purifiers, washing bedding regularly, and keeping windows closed during peak pollen seasons.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter and prescription medications can help alleviate allergy symptoms. Antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids are commonly used to manage various allergic reactions.
  • Immunotherapy: Allergy shots, a form of immunotherapy, can desensitize the immune system to specific allergens over time. This approach is particularly effective for individuals with severe allergies.
  • Emergency Response Plan: Individuals with severe allergies, such as those to food or insect stings, should have an emergency response plan in place. This may include carrying an epinephrine auto-injector for immediate self-administration in case of a life-threatening reaction.

See a Physician Today

Primary care doctors are your first point of contact when you experience health scares. If you suspect you or a loved one has allergies, then call Southern Maryland Medical Group to get in touch with a licensed primary care physician. Our team is on standby to take your call at any time of the day.

Our Locations

Southern Maryland Medical Group has 3 convenient locations to provide professional medical care services in the Southern Maryland area. Call or schedule an appointment with one of our locations to get medical care help. 

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Camp Springs, MD

5801 Allentown Road, Suite 400 Camp Spring, MD 20746

Phone: 301-868- 0150

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-868-0243

Greenbelt, MD

7500 Greenway Center, Dr #1200 Greenbelt, MD 20770

Phone: 301-486-7580

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-486-7581

Riverdale, MD

6510 Kenilworth Ave, Ste 1400, Riverdale MD 20737

Phone: 301-618-0771

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-618-0772