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What Is Testicular Cancer?
What Is Testicular Cancer?
March 21/2023

What Is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that affects the testicles, the male reproductive glands located inside the scrotum. While it is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, it is the most common cancer in young men aged 15-35 years. If testicular cancer is detected and treated early, the outlook for most men is excellent, with survival rates close to 100% according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, it is crucial to undergo regular check-ups for early detection and to speak with your primary care physician about the best course of action.

In this brief article brought to you by Southern Maryland Medical Group, we summarize some of the causes and risk factors, symptoms, testing, and treatment options for testicular cancer. If you are looking for primary care doctors in the Maryland area, you are welcomed to call Southern Maryland Medical Group to schedule a convenient appointment or visit one of our clinics for a walk-in appointment as soon as possible.

Causes and Risk Factors of Testicular Cancer.

The exact causes of testicular cancer are not known. However, there are some factors that increase the risk of developing testicular cancer, including:

  • A family history of testicular cancer.
  • Undescended testicle, or when one or both testicles fail to move down from the abdomen into the scrotum.
  • Abnormal testicular development.
  • Having previously had testicular cancer.
  • An HIV infection.
  • Klinefelter syndrome, a genetic condition that results in the presence of an extra X chromosome in males.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer.

The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in one of the testicles. Other symptoms include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss

It's essential to note that not all lumps in the testicles are cancerous. However, if you notice any of the above symptoms, you should see your primary care physician immediately.

Treatment for Testicular Cancer

Treatment options for testicular cancer depend on the type and stage of cancer. The most common treatment options include:

  • Surgery: The removal of the affected testicle, called an orchidectomy, is usually the first step in treating testicular cancer. If cancer is detected in the other testicle, it may also need to be removed.
  • Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with surgery and radiation therapy.

Testing for Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a relatively rare but highly treatable form of cancer. If you notice any symptoms or abnormalities in your testicles, seek medical attention immediately. Diagnosis involves physical examination, ultrasound, blood tests, and biopsy. Regular self-examinations can also help detect any changes early, leading to a better outcome. If you need to schedule an appointment for adult medicine, grab the phone and call Southern Maryland Medical Group today.

Our Locations

Southern Maryland Medical Group has 3 convenient locations to provide professional medical care services in the Southern Maryland area. Call or schedule an appointment with one of our locations to get medical care help. 

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Camp Springs, MD

5801 Allentown Road, Suite 400 Camp Spring, MD 20746

Phone: 301-868- 0150

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-868-0243

Greenbelt, MD

7500 Greenway Center, Dr #1200 Greenbelt, MD 20770

Phone: 301-486-7580

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-486-7581

Riverdale, MD

6510 Kenilworth Ave, Ste 1400, Riverdale MD 20737

Phone: 301-618-0771

Billing Inquiries: 301-552-1270

Fax: 301-618-0772